Various reasons contribute to the global expansion of eye illnesses and diseases. What are eye problems and conditions, and what are their symptoms?
Your whole health and well-being may be affected by your eye health. Having frequent eye examinations and being aware of any changes in your ocular health can dramatically reduce your chance of vision loss.
According to the CDC, more than 21 million Americans have vision problems. A frequent eye problem is a mild myopia or nearsightedness (nearsightedness). Cataracts and glaucoma, if gone untreated, can lead to permanent vision loss and even blindness.
Five most common symptoms of eye disorders and diseases
1. Red Eyes
When the eyes turn red, they can cause pain, swelling, and even vision loss due to various illnesses and accidents. An expansion of the small blood vessels that supply the whites of the eyes is a common indication of pink or red eyelids.
Eyeball redness may signify an irritated eye. Also, it could be a sign of a more severe illness or condition. If your eyes are red for an extended time, make an appointment with your optometrist.
Red eyes are often a sign of a more serious health problem:
- A disease of the eyelids that causes inflammation and redness (Pink Eye)
- Symptoms of Eye Allergies
2. Night Blindness
You may have a night vision problem if you have trouble seeing in the dark. When you have normal vision, your eyes can quickly adapt to various lighting conditions.
It could be an indication of something other serious:
- Pigmentary Retinopathy
A headache is characterized by severe discomfort in the head, neck, and face (sometimes all three simultaneously). Stress and high blood pressure are the most prevalent culprits, but other conditions can also bring on headaches.
Various parts of the brain may be impacted, depending on the underlying cause. Some headaches can be moderate, while others can be painful. If over-the-counter pain relievers don’t work or your headache lasts more than a few days, make an appointment with your doctor.
Ocular problems, some of which are considered eye emergencies, might produce a headache. If you get a headache, it could be a sign of any of the following issues with your eyes:
- An Error in Refraction
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma
4. Light Sensitivity
Exposure to strong sunlight can cause photophobia, a medical term for light sensitivity. Mild photophobia causes you to squint in a brightly lit room or outside. You may experience significant discomfort when your eyes are exposed to sunlight.
Light sensitivity is a common symptom of several eye disorders. The following conditions can induce excessive sensitivity to light:
- Asthma Allergies and Cataracts
You can see them as little specks of light (dots, lines, or webs) in your peripheral vision. These things appear in front of your eye but are inside the vitreous. When you look at them, you see shadows on the retina generated by tiny clusters of cells.
When there aren’t many floaters, they’re generally safe to use. If you’re looking at a plain surface, like a wall or the sky, you’re more likely to see them.
In any case, persistent floaters may be a harbinger of a more severe problem, like:
- Uveitis post-vitreous tearing or detaching of the retina
- Retinal Lymphoma Linked to Diabetes